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Discover the positive effects of exercise for diabetes sufferers

Diabetics RSS Feed

There are two main types of diabetes, type I and type II. Type I

diabetes is characterized by the pancreas making too little or no

insulin. An individual with diabetes type I will have to inject

insulin throughout the day in order to control glucose levels.

Type II diabetes, also known as adult onset diabetes, is

characterized by the pancreas not producing enough insulin to

control glucose levels or the cells not responding to insulin.

When a cell does not respond to insulin, it is known as insulin

resistance. When a subject is diagnosed with type II diabetes,

exercise and weight control are prescribed as measures to help

with insulin resistance. If this does not control glucose levels,

then medication is prescribed. The risk factors for type II

diabetes include: inactivity, high cholesterol, obesity, and

hypertension. Inactivity alone is a very strong risk factor that

has been proven to lead to diabetes type II. Exercise will have a

positive effect on diabetes type II while improving insulin

sensitivity while type I cannot be controlled be an exercise

program. Over 90% of individuals with diabetes have type II.

Exercise causes the body to process glucose faster, which lowers

blood sugar. The more intense the exercise, the faster the body

will utilize glucose. Therefore it is important to understand the

differences in training with type I and type II diabetes. It is

important for an individual who has diabetes to check with a

physician before beginning an exercise program. When training

with a diabetic, it is important to understand the dangers of

injecting insulin immediately prior to exercise. An individual

with type I diabetes injecting their normal amount of insulin for

a sedentary situation can pose the risk of hypoglycemia or

insulin shock during exercise. General exercise guidelines for

type I are as follows: allow adequate rest during exercise

sessions to prevent high blood pressure, use low impact exercises

and avoid heavy weight lifting, and always have a supply of

carbohydrates nearby. If blood sugar levels get too low, the

individual may feel shaky, disoriented, hungry, anxious, become

irritable or experience trembling. Consuming a carbohydrate snack

or beverage will alleviate these symptoms in a matter of


Before engaging in exercise, it is important for blood sugar

levels to be tested to make sure that they are not below 80 to

100 mg/dl range and not above 250 mg/dl. Glucose levels should

also be tested before, during, after and three to five hours

after exercise. During this recovery period (3-5 hours after

exercise), it is important for diabetics to consume ample

carbohydrates in order to prevent hypoglycemia.

Exercise will greatly benefit an individual with type II diabetes

because of its positive effects on insulin sensitivity. Proper

exercise and nutrition are the best forms of prevention for type

II diabetics. It is important for training protocols to be

repeated almost daily to help with sustaining insulin

sensitivity. To prevent hypoglycemia, progressively work up to

strenuous activity.

As with individuals with type I diabetes, carbohydrates should

also be present during training to assist in raising blood sugar

levels if the individual becomes low.

The information contained in this article is for educational purposes

only and is not intended to medically diagnose, treat or cure any

disease. Consult a health care practitioner before beginning any

health care program.

About the author:

Emily Clark is editor at Lifestyle Health News and Medical Health News
where you can find the most up-to-date advice and information on
many medical, health and lifestyle topics.

Article Source: Messaggiamo.Com


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